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Treatment Options

For most people with mild CKD (stages 1-3) treatment will consist of adopting a healthy lifestyle and taking some medications to control their blood pressure and prevent their kidneys from getting worse.

If your CKD progresses to stage 4-5 you will need to start thinking about the treatment options available for kidney failure.

Read our guide to living with early stage chronic kidney disease (PDF 4Mb)


Choosing the treatment option that's right for you

APD and CAPD

APD_16_photo_ APD

APD takes about eight hours every night.

APD, Automated Peritoneal Dialysis is a type of Peritoneal dialysis. You exchange fluid during the night.

Automated – a machine performs the exchanges overnight whilst you sleep.

Peritoneal – using the peritoneal cavity.

Dialysis – the process by which waste products and fluid are removed from your body.

How long does it take?
APD takes about 30 minutes to set up the machine before you go to bed. You will also need about 30 minutes the next day to clean the machine and tidy up. You will be attached to the machine for approximately eight hours every night.

Is the APD machine noisy?
You might be aware of a quiet hum when it is working. The alarm on the machine will go off if you are lying on your catheter, stopping the fluid from draining out. The machine can be stopped temporarily for visits to the bathroom or sex.

CAPD, Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis is a type of Peritoneal dialysis where you exchange fluid four times a day.

Continuous – means you are dialysing all the time.

Ambulatory – between exchanges of dialysis fluid you can carry out your everyday activities.

Peritoneal – using the peritoneal cavity.

Dialysis – the process by which waste products and fluid are removed from your body.

How long does it take?
CAPD takes about 20-30 minutes to drain the fluid out and in. You need to do this four times every day. You also need time for setting up before dialysis and for clearing away afterwards.